Seascape Caribbean works at the forefront of the industry to improve the capacity, predictability and durability of coral restoration projects and is a founding member to the Coral Restoration Consortium; a NOAA-facilitated global collaborative of coral restoration practitioners, working to bring the concept to the mainstream.
fresh THINKING, Novel TECHNIQUEs
Seascape Caribbean developed the BDL (buoyant drop-loop/drop-line line nursery), also known as Clothesline or String nursery, for the in situ culture of coral fragments under Jamaican conditions in 2004 and 2005. A combination of the nursery designs of Bowden-Kerby and of Shafir, this system provides predictably high-survivorship and strong healing and growth rates per nursery propagule or fragment. BDL overview => Seascape Caribbean also employs various forms of Tree, FUCA and frame nursery as conditions and project needs require. These systems all produce large, visually attractive corals for immediate high-impact both in the nursery and on the reefscape, usually at targeted spacial scales under landscaping and/or horticultural themes.
Seascape Caribbean employs preparatory high-throughput systems under silvicultural (forestry) models, planting large numbers of smaller nursery head-started corals that maximize reefscape coverage by minimized per-coral and/or per area investment, therefore cost. These techniques delay changes to the planted reefscape for months to years; however, the large scales and high planting densities provides particular aesthetic, ecological and hydrodynamic impact when they do arrive.
These systems are amenable to energetic environments such as reef-crest and breaking shallows, making them applicable to soft-engineering and wave attenuation as well as the beautification of grey infrastructure (breakwaters).
Seascape Caribbean has developed rapid, low-cost deployment of permanent sand/rubble anchors for coral nurseries, marker buoys and light vessels via hydraulic liquefaction and amenable to smaller work vessels.
Seascape Caribbean, in collaboration with D&E Marine of Montego Bay, has developed high-survivorship methods for the large turf-plug removal and relocation of Thalassia seagrasses employing hydraulic cutters.
techniques & TECHNIcal collaboration
Early assays culturing elkhorn coral (Acropora palmata) nubbins in a Drop-Loop Line Nursery (BDL) at the Doctor’s Cave Bathing Beach Club in Montego Bay, Jamaica, circa 2006. Several fo these corals are still alive on the reef, to be reemployed in the current “reboot” of this work at Doctor’s Cave.
A staghorn coral (Acropora cervicornis) nubbin recently set to culture and illustrating healing and new polyp formation at the Goldeney Resort and Oracabessa Bay Fish Sanctuary in St. Mary, Jamaica, in 2009.
Growing staghorn coral (Acropora cervicornis) in a buoyant drop-attachment line nursery at the Goldeney Resort in Oracabessa Bay, St Mary, Jamaica.
Freshly-set two-hundred isolate buoyant drop-line attachment nursery systems of staghorn coral (Acropora cervicornis) at the Goldeney Resort and Oracabessa Bay Fish Sanctuary, St Mary, Jamaica, circa 2010.
An elkhorn coral (Acropora palmata) grown from a fingernail-sized nubbin and set to adjacent reef eighteen-months previous at the Goldeneye Resort and Oracabessa Bay Fish Sanctuary, St Mary, Jamaica.
Ceramic Ecoreef artificial reef modules assembled and prepared for deployment in Falmouth, Jamaica, circa 2011. No corals were set to these modules.
Ceramic Ecoreef modules loaded for deployment to the Bluefields Bay Fish Sanctuary in Westmoreland, Jamaica, by Halreefs Inc., circa 2012.
Buoyant drop-line attachment line of staghorn coral (Acropora cervicornis) nubbins (N=1000) in head-start for setting to the Ecoreef modules visible beneath. This work was at Discovery Bay, St Anns, Jamaica circa 2012, in collaboration with the Discovery Bay Marine Laboratory and University of the West Indies, as remediation for dredging of the Discovery Bay port.
All three Caribbean species of the branching coral genus Acropora in a single buoyant drop-loop line nursery at the Doctor’s Cave Beach Club in Montego Bay, Jamaica, circa 2007.
Elkhorn coral ( Acropora Palmata) in a buoyant drop-attachment line nursery, ready to be planted to the reefscape at the Doctor’s Cave Beach Club in Montego Bay, Jamaica, circa 2008. These corals illustrate the vibrant gold of this species in shallow water.
A bin of nursery-grown staghorn corals (Acropora cervicornis) ready to be planted into the Oracabessa Bay Fish Sanctuary by the “Coral Gardeners” of the Oracabessa Marine Trust.
Mature staghorn corals (Acropora cervicornis) bagged and ready for transport to the planting site in the Oracabessa Bay Fish Sanctuary by the fishers of the Oracabessa Marine Trust.
Dr Ross cleaning hydroids from one of the first line nursery trials in Montego Bay, Jamaica, in 2005. Both staghorn (A. cervicornis) and fused-staghorn (A. prolifera) were in this nursery, thought the research focussed on the staghorn lineages.
An odd location-specific morphology of Agaricia agaricites at the Pedro Keys off the south coast of Jamaica as part of the Science Without Borders expedition of 2012. The spacial plasticity of this and other coral species is part of why we preferentially use source/parent corals of within 1000m of the intended planting and nursery sites.
Old-style bamboo Antillean-Z fish pots in Bluefields Bay, Westmoreland, Jamaica- one of the the last places one can find these beautiful devices.
Buoyant drop-line line nurseries of newly-set staghorn coral nubbins (Acropora cervicornis) in Negril, Jamaica.
Cultured corals on an array of buoyant drop-line line nurseries in the Oracabessa Bay Fish Sanctuary, St Mary, Jamaica.
Planting cultured corals along a transect through an urchin-grazed bit of reef in the Oracabessa Bay Fish Sanctuary with the fishers of the Oracabessa Marine Trust. This was the first primary out-plant of this ongoing programme, growing and setting nearly 4000 corals as fish and shellfish nursery habitat.
Growing fused staghorn (Acropora prolifera) corals in buoyant drop-line line nursery culture in Oracabessa Bay, St. Mary, Jamaica, right in front of the Goldeney Resort and a little down-coast from Ian Fleming’s writing cabin- the birth place of James Bond.
Newly healed and starting growing, a nubbin of elkhorn coral (Acropora palmata) nursery-grown in the Oracabessa Bay, St Mary, Jamaica.
Fused staghorn corals (Acropora prolifera) nearly ready for planting in the Oracabessa Bay Fish Sanctuary with and by the fishers of the Oracabessa Marine Trust.
Fisher-Gardeners of the Oracabessa Marine Trust harvesting staghorn (Acropora cervicornis) and fused-staghorn (A. prolifera) golden branching corals from the buoyant drop-line line nurseries of the Oracabessa Bay Fish Sanctuary, St Mary, Jamaica, right in front of the Goldeney Resort.
Fisher-gardeners of the Oracabessa Marine Trust line-tie planting staghorn corals (Acropora cervicornis) to an urchin-grazed reef of the Oracabessa Bay Fish Sanctuary, St Mary, Jamaica. This project is intended to bolster fish/shellfish productivity within the bay, thus focusses on nursery-ticket forming branching coral morphologies and species of the genus Acropora.
Dr Ross providing line-tie planting method training to the fisher-gardeners of the Oracabessa Marine Trust a little bit north of Ian Fleming’s writing cabin at the Goldeney Resort in St Mary, Jamaica.
Fisher-gardeners of the Oracabessa Marine Trust making final preparations to the fused-staghorn corals (Acropora prolifera) of the nursery prior to planting to the reefs of the Oracabessa Bay Fish Sanctuary.
Elkhorn corals (Acropora palmata) ready for planing from the buoyant drop-line attachment line nursery at the Goldeney Resort in the Oracabessa Bay Fish Sanctuary, St Mary, Jamaica. The ‘scoop’ shape is the coral trying to grow sideways, but sinking or swinging with its own weight.
A mature buoyant drop-loop line nursery of staghorn corals (Acropora cervicornis) at the Doctor’s Cave Beach Club in Montego Bay, Jamaica, circa 2008.